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Using a multipronged approach to investigate the diet of ancient dogs

[ ] Coprolites, or fossilized dog feces, are often used to understand the dietary preferences of ancient civilizations. However, the samples are often contaminated, making the…

CABBI Challenges CRP Status Quo, Mitigates Fossil Fuels

[ ] Researchers at the Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation (CABBI) found that transitioning land enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to bioenergy…

Direct cloning method CAPTUREs novel microbial natural products

[ ] Microorganisms possess natural product biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that may harbor unique bioactivities for use in drug development and agricultural applications. However,…

3D microscopy clarifies understanding of body's immune response to obesity

[ ] Researchers who focus on fat know that some adipose tissue is more prone to inflammation-related comorbidities than others, but the reasons why are not well understood. Thanks to…

Bioenergy Researchers Accurately Measure Photosynthesis from Space

[ ] As most of us learned in school, plants use sunlight to synthesize carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into carbohydrates in a process called photosynthesis. But nature’s “factories”…

Quantum leaps in understanding how living corals survive

[ ] Coral reefs have thrived for millions of years in their shallow ocean water environments due to their unique partnerships with the algae that live in their tissues. Corals provide…

New study reveals the deep impact of research in LAS

[ ] Dozens of professors in the College of LAS, including many from the IGB, rank among the most-cited researchers in the world in a new, widely hailed analysis designed to provide a…

Regeneron Science Talent Search scholar conducts at-home study on crop improvement

[ ] In a freshman biology class, a simple demonstration comprises a candle and a plant in an enclosed space. Through the process of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide emitted by the…

Genome-editing tool TALEN outperforms CRISPR-Cas9 in tightly packed DNA

[ ] Researchers used single-molecule imaging to compare the genome-editing tools CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN. Their experiments revealed that TALEN is up to five times more efficient than…

Global analysis suggests COVID-19 is seasonal

[ ] With cities around the globe locking down yet again amid soaring COVID-19 numbers, could seasonality be partially to blame? New research from the University of Illinois says yes.…

Gut bacteria help digest dietary fiber, release important antioxidant

[ ] Dietary fiber found in grains is a large component of many diets, but little is understood about how we digest the fiber, as humans lack enzymes to break down the complex…

Lab team creates fast, cheap, and accessible COVID-19 antibody test

[ ] As the numbers of those infected with COVID-19 has continued to climb, the desperate need for a vaccine was apparent. Even now with the invention and administration of several…

What happens when the coronavirus mutates?

[ ] Mutations in the coronavirus that have become widespread so far are unlikely to create resistance to the vaccines developed, but may require new tests for detection, says Illinois…

Flag leaves could help top off photosynthetic performance in rice

[ ] The flag leaf is the last to emerge, indicating the transition from crop growth to grain production. Photosynthesis in this leaf provides the majority of the carbohydrates needed…

Model predicts where ticks, Lyme disease will appear next in Midwest

[ ] By drawing from decades of studies, scientists created a timeline marking the arrival of black-legged ticks, also known as deer ticks, in hundreds of counties across 10 Midwestern…

Brain gene expression patterns predict behavior of individual honey bees

[ ] An unusual study that involved bar coding and tracking the behavior of thousands of individual honey bees in six queenless bee hives and analyzing gene expression in their brains…

Light signal emitted during photosynthesis used to quickly screen crops

[ ] An international effort called Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency (RIPE) aims to transform crops' ability to turn sunlight and carbon dioxide into higher yields. To…

Antifungal drug improves key cystic fibrosis biomarkers in clinical study

[ ] A drug widely used to treat fungal infections improved key biomarkers in lung tissue cultures as well as in the noses of patients with cystic fibrosis, a clinical study by…

Gene biomarkers indicate liver toxicity quickly and accurately

[ ] When agrochemical and pharmaceutical companies develop new products, they must test extensively for potential toxicity before obtaining regulatory approval. This testing usually…

Study tracks elephant tusks from 16th century shipwreck

[ ] In 1533, the Bom Jesus – a Portuguese trading vessel carrying 40 tons of cargo including gold, silver, copper and more than 100 elephant tusks – sank off the coast of Africa near…