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Improved ag tech could help food security, climate change emergencies

[ ] Scientists have proposed a range of technological options for sustainable, productive and resilient agriculture, providing multiple ways to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and…

'Hunker down' stress genes boosted in women in violent neighborhoods

[ ] The chronic stress of living in neighborhoods with high rates of violence and poverty alters gene activity in immune cells, according to a new study of low-income single Black…

Leading New Directions in Cancer Research: The Unanswered Black Box

[ ] Hyunjoon Kong (M-CELS leader/EIRH/RBTE), Robert W. Schafer professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, approaches cancer research from a perspective that integrates cell…

Deciphering the impacts of small RNA interactions in individual bacterial cells

[ ] Bacteria employ many different strategies to regulate gene expression in response to fluctuating, often stressful, conditions in their environments. One type of regulation…

Unveiling the cause of onion center rot

[ ] Since 1983, the bacteria Pantoea ananatis has been known to infect several important crops including onions, rice, and corn. It was unclear, however, what molecules were involved…

Predicting microbial interactions in the human gut

[ ] The human gut consists of a complex community of microbes that consume and secrete hundreds of small molecules—a phenomenon called cross-feeding. However, it is challenging to…

Division of labor within regenerating liver maintains metabolism, mouse study finds

[ ] The liver has a rare superpower among body organs – the ability to regenerate, even if 70% of its mass is removed. It also keeps up its metabolic and toxin-removing work during…

Advances in Brain Cancer Research Leads to $3M NCI Award

[ ] Several Cancer Center at Illinois (CCIL) and IGB members are joining forces with scientists from the Mayo Clinic and Georgetown University on an expansive project targeting…

Using a multipronged approach to investigate the diet of ancient dogs

[ ] Coprolites, or fossilized dog feces, are often used to understand the dietary preferences of ancient civilizations. However, the samples are often contaminated, making the…

CABBI Challenges CRP Status Quo, Mitigates Fossil Fuels

[ ] Researchers at the Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation (CABBI) found that transitioning land enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to bioenergy…

Direct cloning method CAPTUREs novel microbial natural products

[ ] Microorganisms possess natural product biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that may harbor unique bioactivities for use in drug development and agricultural applications. However,…

3D microscopy clarifies understanding of body's immune response to obesity

[ ] Researchers who focus on fat know that some adipose tissue is more prone to inflammation-related comorbidities than others, but the reasons why are not well understood. Thanks to…

Bioenergy Researchers Accurately Measure Photosynthesis from Space

[ ] As most of us learned in school, plants use sunlight to synthesize carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into carbohydrates in a process called photosynthesis. But nature’s “factories”…

Quantum leaps in understanding how living corals survive

[ ] Coral reefs have thrived for millions of years in their shallow ocean water environments due to their unique partnerships with the algae that live in their tissues. Corals provide…

New study reveals the deep impact of research in LAS

[ ] Dozens of professors in the College of LAS, including many from the IGB, rank among the most-cited researchers in the world in a new, widely hailed analysis designed to provide a…

Regeneron Science Talent Search scholar conducts at-home study on crop improvement

[ ] In a freshman biology class, a simple demonstration comprises a candle and a plant in an enclosed space. Through the process of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide emitted by the…

Genome-editing tool TALEN outperforms CRISPR-Cas9 in tightly packed DNA

[ ] Researchers used single-molecule imaging to compare the genome-editing tools CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN. Their experiments revealed that TALEN is up to five times more efficient than…

Global analysis suggests COVID-19 is seasonal

[ ] With cities around the globe locking down yet again amid soaring COVID-19 numbers, could seasonality be partially to blame? New research from the University of Illinois says yes.…

Gut bacteria help digest dietary fiber, release important antioxidant

[ ] Dietary fiber found in grains is a large component of many diets, but little is understood about how we digest the fiber, as humans lack enzymes to break down the complex…

Lab team creates fast, cheap, and accessible COVID-19 antibody test

[ ] As the numbers of those infected with COVID-19 has continued to climb, the desperate need for a vaccine was apparent. Even now with the invention and administration of several…